Bone grafting may sound complicated, even scarybut it really is not. Bone grafting has become common place procedure for preparation of implant sites, extracted teeth, and treatment of many periodontal (gum/bone) defects. In bone grafting procedure bone particles are deposited to a site to stimulate bone formation for the purposes of increasing the amount of bone in that site. In the past, most bone grafts were done by taking bone from a donor site within your oral cavity, most commonly the back of the jaw. With improvements in bone grafting materials and better understanding of how bone forms, today there are many synthetic or prepackaged options for bone grafting material making the procedure quicker without requiring involvement of an extra site. Thus, bone grafting has become a relatively simple and quick procedure with increased predictability and success for treatment of many bone defects.
Bone Grafting and Implants
Bone grafting is commonly required for patient who are going to receive implants. Implants require a certain amount of depth and thickness of bone to be placed. In cases where the amount of bone isn’t sufficient, bone grafting is done to acquire the necessary amount of bone for the implant to be placed.
Bone Grafting and Extractions
Tooth extractions followed by bone grafting has become the standard of care in modern dentistry. This is because studies have shown that bone levels at extraction sites are significantly greater when treated with bone grafting post extraction verses sites that are not. This is critical for extractions sites which are planned to receive implantsbecause even 1 mm of one can make the difference between being able to receive an implant or not. Maintaining bone levels is also extremely important in anterior areas for esthetics. If there is no bone support, tissue will appear sunk in and cause esthetic problems for both implant and bridge restorations especially in patients with a high smile line.
Periodontal Defects and Bone Grafting
Periodontal defects related to bone loss can cause several problems, including loss of teeth. Bone defect are usually caused from an infection in the gum due to periodontal disease which eats away at the jaw bone. These areas of bone loss become sites of ongoing infection which can eventually result in complete tooth loss. To avoid this, there sites are treated by removing the infection and bone grafting the area to help stimulate bone growth and restore supporting bone to the area. Bone grafting has allowed for ability to treat cases which in the past were deemed untreatable and the teeth were simply extracted.
There are many other dental conditions which may require or benefit from bone grafting. Dr. Dekano and his staff will inform you based on your treatment needs and plan if bone grafting is recommended and benefits of the procedure if necessary.